3 Things Every Bug Out Bag Needs

3 Things your bug out bag needsOne “survival myth” that needs to be addressed and eliminated is the equation that web gear along with an assault pack constitute an “Emergency 72 Hour Kit” or if you have a large camping back pack then you are good for 7 days, add a large duffel bag and you can survive out to 14 days.

This equation, for lack of a better word, was developed on the military logistical model and incorporates resupply in the formula.  If a true disaster or emergency happens; resupply maybe a pipe dream.  You need to look at the contents of your bag and figure out which survival items are perpetual and which are temporary.  A backpacking meal is temporary….a fishing kit is perpetual. Both of these items are important to have in your kit but if you feel there is little chance of resupply in a SHTF event, then error on the side of carrying more perpetual survival gear.

Here are 3 items that are not typically found in Bug Out Bags but I see them as extremely vital to reduce weight and yet keep you prepared to meet many obstacles that you will face in a disaster.

The E-Tool

The E-tool (entrenching tool) or a digging tool.  I wouldn’t leave home without one if possible. I e toolprefer the Russian Spetsnaz e-tool over the American trifold version,, but that is a personal preference.  The Spetsnaz has a square blade and straight wooden handle which gives it better ability as a weapon if the need arises.

Normally one edge is sharpened and can be used as a make shift axe to chop wood for a fire, make a spear, or built a shelter. The E-tool can serve as a weapon and it can help secure food by digging roots, insects or bait for a fishing hook.  The E-Tool can be used as a medium usage pry bar, hatchet, machete, and serves to further your personal hygiene in two ways:  1) you keep insects and the stench down, 2) if hiding, you do not want to leave any tell all sign that someone inhabits the area.  Anyone who has a hunting background knows to watch for scat to locate prey and track their habits.

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The Poncho

Military poncho(s) or Civilian Poncho.  I use this for my shelter as well as weather gear and a military ponchosurvival tool.  I can create a few different shelters with a poncho and by adding natural vegetation; it becomes a more acceptable inclement weather shelter.  I personally carry 2 ponchos, as they are extremely light weight and very useful.  A single poncho can be used to form a good “lean to”, while 2 ponchos can make a tent.  I also use one as a “lean to” and the second as a ground cloth.  The versatility and combination of uses are only hindered by your imagination. They fit well in most pockets or pouches and even fit in a triple mag pouch for the AR15 if folded or rolled tight. Again, 1 item, several uses, from weather protection, shelter, rain collector, bivvy sack, wind deflector (cooking) and improvised stretcher.

USGI Industries Military Poncho Emergency Tent Shelter Multi Use Rip Stop...
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  • MILITARY SPEC CONSTRUCTION: Based on proven field gear used by the US Military, this poncho is...

Last update on 2020-10-20 at 12:12 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

The Net

Nets.  I carry the Frabill nets personally, but there are several options for these. They become a fishing with a nethammock to sleep off the ground in a swamp or marsh, or even in snake infested areas. The nets are a superb fishing tool but can also be used to trap small animals in an emergency.  For fishing, you can attach improvised weights and by attaching 550 cord, you have a small casting net or you can employ them across a stream or creek and “drive” the fish into the net.

If you must camp in or near a swamp or any wetland, a hammock will save precious time and even more importantly energy than constructing a sleeping platform. This will allow you to get much needed sleep and be able to keep you and your gear dry. You can also use the net to form an improvised “bear bag”, thus keeping food out of reach of scavengers or gear in an innocuous cache which will require less time to prepare and retrieve than burying it if the need arises to stash your main ruck and move quickly but not completely abandon everything “willingly”.

Remember, most people, unless threatened or trained, do not look up as much as they look to the sides, forward or down (where they may discover the disturbed earth where you dug the pit to cache your goods).  Nets can also be used to improvise a backpack or carry-all. They are actually very useful in a maritime environment where the items you scavenge or food you gather is wet and will soak your normal pack. You can pre-make 550 cord loops that a carabineer can be clipped to and then attached to your vest, H-harness, or a ALICE pack frame.  They can also be used for camouflage and the making of a ghillie suit. Another single object, with multiple functions, and weighs less than 1 pound.

Frabill Seine Net with Poly Netting, Black, 4 x 10-Feet
  • Poly netting doesn't absorb water and dries quickly
  • Black with Heavy Duty floats

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I can carry everything I need for my Bug Out Bag on my MOLLE vest and by adding a small backpack, can greatly enhance my abilities and capabilities depending on the situation.

My true fast exit is just my MOLLE vest and that will get me to the rest of my gear.  I also have children (4 ages 3-18), so setting up a BOB for them, weight is an even a greater consideration, without giving up the necessary gear they will need.  Forget creature comforts and stick with gear that works and will produce.  I suggest looking at your survival kit like a business investment and determine the ROI (Return On Investment) for anything and everything being carried.  Books, except the possible pocket field manual, games and other perks need to be pre-staged at your BOL (Bug Out Location), as they are extra weight, which burns energy, which reduces the chance of survival in a drawn out situation or crisis.  These are just a few things I feel are extremely important with their multiple uses and ROI.  I carry more than just this, but I ensure my kids have at least this much.  I have E-tools that are about 1/3 the normal size and even my 3 year old daughter can carry it easily.  They aren’t the sturdiest, but they have worked for small digging chores thus far during family outdoor excursions.

BARSKA BI12330 Loaded Gear VX-100 Tactical Vest & Leg Platforms (OD Green)
  • Full Body Platform: The vest comes with 2 uility pouches, 2 double section magazine pouches, 2...
  • Web System: The vest is tough mesh webbing designed with Mil-Spec MOLLE attachment system, making it...

Last update on 2020-10-20 at 22:02 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

I am military, US Army Reserves, and have 2 years previous experience in SAR (Search and Rescue) as a civilian working with the USAF.  My gear reflects the combative arena of survival at most times because that is where my needs normally arise.  Even deployed, with the military logistical support in place, OIF 02/07-05/08, I carried Pemmican and Chia seeds as my survival food.

Chia seeds will provide all the nutrients a body needs for a day in a tablespoonful.  Some of the best warriors of guerrilla tactics, the Apache, utilized this light weight, nutritious staple for the war trail.  They will also help your body retain water and be absorbed slowly thus adding to your survival chances because of dehydration.  Pemmican (true Pemmican and not store bought jerky) is light weight, high in protein and will “keep” for years (some was found to be dated over 500 years old and still edible. It was stored in a rabbit stomach pouch) and  is “trail food”.  Trail food is what you can eat while moving… easily.  In the military, you are taught to eat your entrée first, then the sides and save the snacks or other foods that can be eaten while walking (M&Ms, Skittles, bread, crackers, combos, etc).  This will ensure you get some food in case of an attack or other reason for having to move out suddenly and thus saving food that you can eat while marching in case you need to recoup some of the calories you have burned.  The same should be thought of when packing your BOB and MOLLE.  Carry what you can eat while on the move on your vest and stow a couple primary meals in your pack.

The military load bearing system is set up in a “3 day (web gear), 5-7 day (rucksack), soup kitchenand 14 day (duffel bag/footlocker)” mentality; which seems to be how others seem to think of their packing from previous tours of duty or old military field manuals. This system is based and geared towards a normal and steady logistical system in place.  There was palpable panic at the base I was based out of in Iraq because supply lines were interrupted and all they had was a 3 day supply of MREs and was serving hot dogs for all meals in the DFAC (Dining Facility/chow hall).  In a true survival situation, you have no resupply being brought in; unless you are hunting, fishing, gardening, gathering or bartering for goods or trust in FEMA to “save you”.  I can live off my web gear, which the military views as a 3 day set up, for 2 weeks, providing I do not have a serious firefight to expend ammo (which is another topic).  I figure my rucksack will keep me going for a month.  My duffel/footlocker is my home or base camp position, which gives me everything I will have without bartering, hunting, fishing, growing or gathering, for the duration of my time.  I am NO expert, nor a complete survivalist, but feel some things are being made more difficult than they need to be.  This is just my humble opinion, but I have seen so many  in the “survival/preparedness” movement use the acronym K.I.S.S. (Keep It Simple Stupid), then they have a list that looks like a family camping trip to the “wilds” of an amusement park.

Stay Alert, Stay Alive

Photos By:
A Word in the Woods
Old Man Travels


Joel Jefferson
Written by Joel Jefferson

Joel is one of the original founders of SurvivalCache.com. After college, he joined the USMC where he served as an (0302) Marine Infantry Officer. Joel is an avid outdoorsman and spends much of his free time in the mountains. Joel’s hobby is researching survival gear & weapons as well as prepping. Read his full interview here. Read more of Joel's articles.

64 thoughts on “3 Things Every Bug Out Bag Needs”

  1. I'm glad to see three very typical shortcomings addressed. I personally have carried #1 and #2 for years (anyone who's been outdoors knows the value of a good hand shovel and poncho) but the net I admittedly never thought of. Very good suggestion, I'll definitely be upgrading my kits with them. Are the nets you link capable of supporting a grown man of average weight in a hammock configuration?

    • Got a few messages out to Regulator5 regarding this, no answer as of yet. He might be on vacation or working. Stand by…..

    • Yes, the IMPs Net can be used for a hammock. I posted a link below with other people's reviews on the net. Looking at some other options for a more "survival" orienteered net for people to use since it seems Brigade Quartermaster has stopped production/selling the IMPs Net.

  2. Great article Regulator5. I have an old e-tool, a heavy duty Army poncho and poncho liner and a couple of nets. The net has been used by man for thousands of years. You can buy them cheap and keep them stored in their packaging for a very long time. A small scoop net was one of my favorite tools as a child.
    One of my favorite multi use items is rubber tubing aka surgical tubing. Spears have fed man for even longer than the net. The Hawaiian sling spear can be easily improvised with a short length of rubber tubing and a straight length of wood or bamboo. With surgical tubing one can make a variety of projectile weapons from small sling shots and cross bows to spears to shot gun like rock launchers. It can also be used as a hose, a straw, a constriction wrap to reduce blood loss, a flexible wrap to hold bandages on a wound, for splinting a broken bone, for a make shift I.V., a spring for snares and traps, a bungee cord, replacement tubing for small motors, and as a wrap to add grip.
    I’m sure there are many other good ideas out there for multi use items.

    • I like the tubing idea. I carry a slingshot with me. I used it in Iraq for dog control and removal of other "varmints". You can acquire good ballistics using a .45 caliber lead round ball for a muzzleloader. I have the "sling spear", aka, a pole spear in SCUBA circles and enjoy using it. They are relatively cheap even to buy.

  3. Very good article. I have item's #2 and #3. Don't carry a shovel cause I figure I can use my knife in a pinch or some item found in my surroundings. I'm sure at some point I will add a small one to my pack but just haven't found the need as of yet. I definitly like you telling us to separate the items that are perpetual and those that are short term, that is something that I over look sometimes and end up with more items that are short term ( not always good) I think it is a good idea to check your bag and supplies and ask yourself if you really need certain things in there. When it comes picking tools and gear I like to use the rule of three. I don't want to put it in my bag if I can't use it for three different purposes. It was nice to hear from someone of military experiance! Thanks for the article!

    • The problem with using your knife as a digging tool is the loss of the edge, in my opinion. If the need arises, by all means use it, but having the e-tool will save much time and energy keeping the edge of your cutting tool in working order. If you do not want to carry an e-tool, think of a stainless steel bowl. It will dig much faster than a knife and offers even more variety in its uses, i.e., cooking, eating, gathering water, etc.

  4. I agree with the e-tool and the ponchos. The net I hadn't thought of before but it sounds like a good idea.

    Fire-starting equipment of some sort was not mentioned, but I think would be another must have. Along the lines of perpetual versus temporary, think of the various different magnesium block type fire starters as likely being preferable to matches.

    • I didn't cover alot of the common items, just a few of the ones I do not see on every list. I will work up a more complete list of what I carry and the reason/purpose I carry them. Most of the items I carry in my BOB (Bug Out Bag/Vest), I have multiple uses for to eliminate weight. I'm a realist and know I have limitations; 50+ broken bones among other injuries have taken their toll, not to mention pushing 40 years young. My personal "firestarter" is a "BlastMatch". I also carry a magnifying glass, disposalable lighters (I am a smoker), and lifeboat matches for equipment, but can also rely on a hand or bow drill. Equipment will get you there, but skills will keep you there and ALIVE.
      Stay Alert, Stay Alive

    • an old boyscout trick. get the strike anywhere kitchen matches and dip them in melted paraffin. makes them waterproof. keep some of the paraffin in a small plastic pill bottle. take some shavings out and place it on your campfire. when you light the fire the paraffin melts into the wood causing it ti catch fire more easily.

    • Throw nets are common in warm coastal areas. Although they take a bit of practice to use they can be used in numerous ways. Primarily used as an ambush tool to capture pray they can be very effective for catching birds and small game on land as well as water fowl and of course fish in shallow water.
      Scoop nets are easy to use and increase a person’s ability to catch small animals exponentially. Besides fish they can be deployed usefully against small game and make chasing down wounded pray a lot easier. They are also used to pull fruit from high trees by attaching the scoop net to a long pole.

  5. I saw it mentioned in the first comment, but didn't see a response so I thought I'd bump the question out there again. Looking for gear that is multi-functional, and the question was if there was a net out there that could be used as a hammock as well. Anyone know?

    • Got a few messages out to Regulator5 regarding this, no answer as of yet. He might be on vacation or working. Stand by…..

    • Click on the "Fabrill Nets" link to see the net he carries. It's heave gauge. Personally I like throw nets but I wouldn't use one as a hamock. I have a hammock I would use as a net though.

  6. Sorry everyone, I am changing jobs and been dealing with an injury from my military service. Brigade Quartermaster and a PX (military Walmart) is where I bought my nets. I looked and didn't see the listing for the IMPs Net that I carry. They do have contact info on their website and if they have quit carrying it, maybe with a show of interest, they will bring it back.___ _www.brigadehq.com or http://www.actiongear.com___ _http://hikinghq.net/forum/showthread.php?t=2149 This is another link of people reviewing the IMPs Net. ____I personally think the Frabill nets would work as a hammock but some work would need to be done. These already are designed and weighted for the fishing, so modifications would be for the hammock option. ____Stay Alert, Stay Alive

  7. i use tree netting i got for dollar at the dollar store. it is surprisingly tough stuff. and it works for fishing and good to an emergency hammock or as a wrap around two poles for a stretcher
    happy hunting

    • I admit, I never thought of the tree netting. Brands and "exact" matches are nice but whatever is available and does the job. The old adage of "Adapt, Improvise, Overcome" definitely has it's place for the prepper.

  8. Strongly agree on the net and the Spetznaz shovel – REALLY strongly agree on the chia seed. as an emergency food source (and a medicinal herb, if you plant it)

    • I carried a vitamin bottle full of chia seeds in my gear while deployed. I preferred not having to rely on someone else when my a$$ was on the line for food if need be. Growing your own chia seeds for survival to me is as important as growing taters, just with more benefits. They are easy to grow and require even less care than most vegetables for the garden. I trust herbal remedies more than I trust modern drugs.

    • I found a 4×20 foot "minnow seine" net at the local megamart fishing aisle for about $20, but I have not yet tried sleeping in it

      • and just to clarify, my reading of the local fishing rules where I live say that a round cast net is only legal in salt or brackish water ( 200 miles away) and gill nets are only legal with a commercial license ( I'll eventually make better hiding spots in the vehicle ) – a minnow seine just means you need to say "I'm catchin' bass bait, sir" and maybe cook the Game Warden lunch, becaue it just happens that if if stops minnows and crawdads, you might "unintentionally" get bigger fish, too….. ooooppppppsssss…….

        • Good catch on the local laws. If the situation arises that you need it for survival, laws and rules may be "outdated" but always best to err on the side of caution until that time. I use some homemade minnow and crawdad traps myself to catch bait and show the youngsters how to do the chore. I have some bigger wire fish traps as well. Limb lines work well in my area, especially for catfish and turtles.

          • I definitely agree. If you can avoid carrying anything 'obviously illegal' , UNTIL TSHTF, (when all bets are off) you will be happier in the long run 🙂

            I got pulled over a few yrs ago during a "Terrorist alert" and had my vehicle searched (I live near DC and have a beard) – I carry a number of knives, an axe, a machete and a multi-pump air pistol in my vehicle kit – as well as food, clothing , fishing gear, licenses and tents etc .

            "That's my camping gear, officer" was all the explanation needed. If I had been carrying something 'really suspicious', like my SKS, I would probably still trying to get out of Gitmo.

            Be as 'greyman' law-abiding as you can. The less the gov't (in any form) notices you, the better off you are.

          • sorry if I'm being overly-wordy here, but there's an old saying "there are more minnows than whales" – a small-mesh net is more likely to get you SOMETHING to eat, in a survival situation. The same applies to hunting – a small snare or 'mousetrap' or a pellet gun is,most of the time, more likely to get you a meal (however small) than spending a week in a treestand with a .50 Barrett waiting for a bull moose. Maybe less fun, but you might get to eat.

          • Agreed. Every region or locality in the US has different laws for weapons and probably even what type of toilet paper you can use with the way our government is going. We all take a chance even talking about our preps and gear. I use rat traps for squirrel, but do prefer the 110 size body grip. You can attach them 110's to tree trunks using small clips available from trapping supply stores. They are sold for marten and fisher trappers. I personally use Hoosier Trapping Supply (website has catalog) but they are just a local company and have fair prices. There are several trapping supply stores available, just run an internet search and send for free catalogs. Snares are also cheap and easily used for small or big game. Snaring big game is illegal in most localities, but in a true survival situation, the old adage of "I'd rather be judged by 12 than carried by 6" comes into play.

  9. I have a request in to Brigade Quartermaster asking if they still sell the net and if not, where they are available. Hopefully we will hear something soon.

  10. They make a backpacking poncho that fits over you and the pack . Makes you look like a hunchback alien , but gives you that much more material to work with .

  11. Brigade Quartermasters no longer carry the IMPs Net. They were bought by a new owner in 2010 and do not have any information on the IMPs Net. I am trying to find a new source for these or another type of net to be used. Sorry for the bad info on the product and I will keep looking for a substitute supplier, altho many have found items to use and improvise their own.

    • I actually have 2 poncho liners. I wouldn't trade my "woobies" for anything; they are my normal bedroll when deployed or for training exercises. They are lightweight and warm. I can always improvise bedding with leaves and/or pine boughs tho. If you pile the leaves deep enough and burrow down, you will stay warm and by using the poncho, even dry.
      I love that as a group, one person brings up an article and then everyone else chimes in with their ideas and thoughts. We are able to see alot of ideas and hear what others use, thus making our decisions about what to try even easier. I carry more than these 3 items, but these were items I didn't see listed on many lists. I have seen comments and read other articles that made me rethink gear I carry or don't carry and whether it will fit my idealogy and situation.

  12. Regulator5- Gotta say I am impressed! I have had "multi-tasking" of my gear drilled into me since I was a kid, and you listed everything I could think of for most of the items you mentioned and a couple I didn't! It was crazy, I was reading your article and as I am going through I am thinking of a way to use a particular item… then BAM, you already had it written down in the next sentence! KUDOS!

    • Thanks Chefbear, I appreciate the comment. I know even if I miss something, the readers will either put it out for others to read or think of it on their own. I have found that through the discourse of ideas, people are very likely to think of things they never dreamed of just because of one small tidbit. That is one of the many reasons I like this site; it keeps me thinking in the correct mind set and learn from people that have different life experiences. We all bring so much to the table, whether we realize it or not.

  13. Another point for those not wanting to carry an e-tool over weight; consider using stainless steel bowls. You can dig, cook, clean, gather rain water, etc. with a bowl They are lightweight and relatively sturdy.

    • Bowls are a GREAT idea, and gonna add a couple to the kits 🙂 , but does depend on where you live/plan on going.

      Here in away-from -the-coast VA/WV our soil is clay – you can wash it a little and make red flower pots. If you plan on digging more than 6-12 inches deep, in not-cultivated-already soil, plan on including a spading fork and a pick-mattock in the kit. Down near the coast where it's sandy, you can have 2 beers and dig a trench when you go out behind a tree 🙂

      In addition to stainless bowls, consider stainless steel flan molds (available at Hispanic grocery stores and online) – about 8 in. diameter, 2 in. high, 4 spring-loaded latches. Not waterproof, but very water-resistant places to store stuff, and great cooking pots (with a lid)
      Not much heavier than a plastic box, but a lot more useful multi-tasker.

      • I'll have to look for the flan molds. They would be nice to keep things in I'm worried of being crushed. I always kept my cigarette packs in plastic soap boxes made for campers; they kept them alot more crush proof and water resistant while in the field.

  14. I love this sight. I now need to get a good net, some steel bowls, and a poncho (this has been on the list for a while, dont know why it hasn't made its way into the bag.) And I must say that I agree, your gear should allow you to operate indefinitely if need be. i try and put things together in such a way that every item has multiple uses, and that it is all needed and robust. batteries are a liability, and should be eliminated where possible (that sweet holosight with the 400 hour battery life, or the Irons sights with tritium lamps that last thirteen years?) Every time I see a 72 hour kit with nothing but consumables, I cringe inwardly, because I know someone is going to buy it. I figure what you have is what you have. If that is a pocket knife, and a pistol, well, that's it. better make do.

  15. Another e-tool/Spetznaz shovel 'replacement' possibility – not for large-scale digging, but better than fingers, and a general purpose survival tool.

    I just got a deal on 2 decent quality kitchen meat-cleavers (local hardware store was changing brands of cutlery, so $9 each) and I thought I would play around. (if you have a bench-grinder, this will take about 20 minutes )

    1) grind down the front-edge of the cleaver blade into a 'spade' edge – not real sharp or too thin- think 'shovel'
    2) grind down about 2-3 inches of the back of the blade into a 'wedge' – for splitting kindling/marrow bones etc.
    3) File / emery-polish the new edges
    4) "Whip" wrap the handle with 550-cord for better grip and add a 550-cord wrist-strap
    5) Make a sheath, or cut down plastic 'snap-on' cutlery-edge protectors to fit the edges

    You now have a multi-tasking butcher tool, garden spade, splitting wedge, light hatchet for less than a ten-spot 🙂

    • Everyone must consider weight. The e-tool/Spetznaz shovel weighs about 3 Lbs. Which adds a ton to your pack. I don't have any plans to have to dig a fox hole out there, and just a small hand garden shovel collapsible handle is fine. I would consider Snares, fishing gear, binoculars, boonie hat, Poncho, tarp, hammock,several pairs of sox, a good knife, pistol, 2 mags and an extra box of ammo.survival .22 rifle, airpistol sling shot, freeze dried food, canteen, cup stove, fuel tabs, 150 Ft of 550 cord, Knife, mess kit,sleeping gear, Paper Maps, GPS, solar charger, hiking poles. etc.

  16. I notice my poncho does not repel water…I got a woodland camo one from a mil-surp store…it does noty drape as I am a bigger guy but the water soaked right through…do I need to treat it?

  17. Just a note on ponchos, go with genuine militaryissue not the "to spec" BS discount bargain brand. You'll be wet and out the 20 bucks.

  18. Really enjoyed this article and of similar mind (sustainability, self-sufficiency)…

    You mention Chia seeds as a food source which I'll be adding to my BOB. Wanted to pass on another tip: I spoke with my mother about this and she recommends packing dehydrated mung beans (Chickasaw peas or when sprouted, the bean sprout). They are a high protein food source, can be spouted indoors and in darkness (in a cabin, in a cave, in winter, etc). Not that I'm planning for an end-of-the-sun event, but its the one thing you could harvest without sunlight.

  19. Has anyone here tried the Crovel as an E-tool choice? How well did it performe for you?
    I am considering getting one but have only heard the sales pitch on their site.

  20. Recon types can carry 15lbs of dehydrated food for 30 days of meals in a large Alice Ruck. 1.9 oz nylon makes a great hammock and leanto shelter and can hold 205lbs ( may be up to 220). Get 3 and a 1/3 yards. Hem it all around. At each end fold it over 6 inches and sew accross six times locking the stitch back and forward on each pass. I use 90 count thread with a "top stitch needle" to sew it. Heavey duty thread may also work–try at your own risk. Run para cord through the ends to make the the hammock, or run a carefully trimmed pole through top and bottom to do a lean to, Use camp dry on it for water resistance. Caution DEET eats nylon. Get 3.5 yards if 6ft tall.

    • Good point on the DEET vs Nylon. I have seen a tent ruined by this. I usually use Permethrin based bug spray anyways as once you treat your clothes with it it is good for 6 washes. So, you don't have to worry about getting caught in the rain.

  21. I never though about the netting in a Bag, I have Fish Seins, in my SHFT gear, but had not thought of carrying in my BOB. I'm shocked Good one.

  22. Are you sure it's water soaking thru? If the weather is humid it could just be condensation from your body. I live in the UK where this is a frequent problem. I use an Exped Bivy Poncho and wear wicking clothing whenever possible which keeps cold rain off me and if my clothes get a bit damp, they soon dry off when I slow down or stop moving

  23. You can save a lot of weight over an E-tool by using a small gardening spade. E-tools are notorious for jamming and breaking and we hated having to carry them when I served.

  24. the e tool is important for digging holes for human waste and yes if it gets bad enough dead bodies
    the ponch is alos a good item to have on hand but the net is only useful if you are near fishing waters

  25. The E-tool and poncho were a given for me, but the net threw me for a loop haha. In the back of my mind Ive known that nets were great for gathering food in bulk but I never thought of any other uses for it. Im defiantly going to be doing more research on the subject, thanks for the eye openers!

  26. It’s great to see a well-written article from someone who has been there and done that versus an armchair survivalist. You’ve given some great suggestions for additions to even the most thought-out bug out bag.

  27. USMC active duty here with 16 years in and three tours in Iraq/Afghanistan. New prepped, and these suggestions are golden. As an ultralight SoCal peakbagger, I've always shirked military issue. But this gear is worth it. Great write up.

    BTW, lots of broken external links.

  28. I carry a net hammock because it is lightweight but strong and has many uses like hammock (duh), shelter top/walls (supports plastic sheeting well and helps keep material for debris shelter in place), fish net (not for bait fish), material carrying container, personal camouflage, etc. I prefer a one-piece (non-folding) shovel since the joint/hinge is the first place to break and is hard to fix; I welded a one-inch OD black pipe handle onto mine (replacing the broken wooden one, not the best wood splitter apparently). A Heavy Poncho has always been a must have! A short heavy machete is another must item for me, good close in weapon, multiple uses as a tool!

  29. We need a sho' nuf' bat belt
    it has to fulfill a survival roll all by itself independant of your BOB or GHB.

    I lke the old militarty pistol belt with H type suspenders
    it needs to have a few ways to make fire have a compass full tang knife a pistol w/ shells & cleaning kit
    knife multitool, a crank type light, canteen w/ cup and cooking rizer these all fit in your canteen cover.

    sewing kit w/ fishing and first aid medicinals and DEET w/ a headnet a hank of 550 cord 4 real caraibiners
    and a pair of gloves I hang a lot of stuff with velcro
    in a butt pack a light weight change of clothes like boxer shorts tee shirt socks flip flops and a bandana and a tarp
    .some calories like hard candy instant coffee and bullion maybe some daily vitamins.
    you should already have on long sleeve shirt long pants long socks lace boots and a hat and a proper jacket
    if you don't need it tie it to your suspenders.

    I know it is fashionable to walk with your pants hanging below your cheeks this is dumb velcro your pants belt to your web belt velcro with keepers this will allow for weight loss and keep you from walking like you dropped a turd
    and keep your pants from falling down.

    blousing your pants legs you can treat with DEET and keep ticks out of your crotch you do not have to use deterrent on your skin if you have the right clothing.

    Now you know why I like 22LR you can carry a brick of ammo and a few mags for the weight of anything else.
    there are so many ways to get separated from your BOB or GHB it is very hard to separate from a load carrying belt
    it adds about 10 to 12 pounds but that is not enough to prevent you from climbing or get in your way tinkling or taking a dump.

    your BOB should contain surplus or ammo tools and food with extra water and tech stuff but none of that is
    life you can try to get it back but you need the basics stuck to you like glue one night without them could be disasterous.

    I saw a great one made from a Chinese chest rig with water proof bottles and bags not as good as a USGI
    web belt pouches and a H harness but it was a inexpensive idea.
    At night you can turn it backwards unclipped and keep it on your chest and if you go to run for it you still have it.
    you still want a lower front profile if you have to eat dirt.


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